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来源:可可英语 更新日期:2013-12-12 点击:


Japan’s government will next week confirm its commitment to building a stronger military to counter perceived security threats including an increasingly powerful China, according to a draft of its first national security strategy released on Wednesday.


Shinzo Abe, the conservative prime minister, hailed the document as “historic” because it will be used to guide policies for a new national security council, a US-style body created by the prime minister as part of his effort to distance Japan from its post-second world war pacifism.

保守派首相安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)称赞这份文件是“历史性的”,因为它将被用于指导新成立的国家安全保障会议(National Security Council)的各项政策——后者是安倍参照美国模式建立的组织,也是他带领日本与二战后和平主义拉开距离的努力的一部分。

“We have been working to rebuild our national security policy with a firm commitment to defend people’s lives and property,” Mr Abe said.


The draft, which is expected to be adopted by Mr Abe’s cabinet next week, identifies threats and challenges that have been named in previous official defence analyses, most prominently North Korea’s nuclear programme and a rapid and “opaque” expansion of China’s military power.


It commits Japan to “continue walking the path of a peaceful nation” but envisions a more “active” peacekeeping role in Asia that would involve closer military co-operation with allies such as the US and Australia, as well as the possible formal elimination of a ban on weapons exports.


That ban has been in place since the 1960s, albeit with an increasing number of exemptions, such as components for US-developed anti-ballistic missile systems. The draft says it should be “reconsidered” entirely.


More broadly, Japan should “strengthen its own capabilities and expand its role” in regional defence, according to the document, which was endorsed by an expert committee appointed by Mr Abe and whose principles are intended to guide Japan’s security policy for the coming decade.

根据这份文件,在更广泛的层面上, 日本应当加强自身实力,在地区防卫方面扮演更重要的角色。这份文件已得到安倍任命的一个专家委员会的认可,其原则意在指导日本未来10年的安全政策。

A defence-policy outline released alongside the security strategy called for the establishment of stronger intelligence, early warning and surveillance networks to defend Japan’s sea and air territory.


Citing Chinese “intrusions” into areas around the Japanese-controlled Senkaku Islands, known in China as the Diaoyu, it urges the acceleration of an ongoing shift of defence resources to the sea to the southwest of the main Japanese islands.

《大纲》以中国方面“侵入”日方管辖的尖阁诸岛(Senkaku Islands)——中国称钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿——周围海域为由,敦促加快将防卫资源部署到日本的西南诸岛。

Japan’s public has been largely accepting of the so-far mild build-up of military power under Mr Abe, which has included a small but rare increase in the national defence budget.


Some of Mr Abe’s proposals have gone too far for the public’s liking, however. He has shelved, at least for now, his ambition to rewrite Japan’s anti-war constitution, and a controversial official secrets law linked to the creation of the new security council has been wildly unpopular.


Although Mr Abe successfully pushed the law through parliament last week, 82 per cent of respondents to a Kyodo News opinion survey said they wanted it revised.

尽管安倍上周成功推动国会通过该法,但在共同社(Kyodo News)的一项民意调查中,82%的受访者称希望该法得到修订。

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