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2013年12月英语四级阅读新题型攻略

来源:考试吧 更新日期:2013-12-13 点击:


四、六级考试改革后,阅读理解部分增加了段落信息匹配题,这类题出现在一个篇幅相对很长的文章之后,通常设置10道题,即10个句子,每句为一题。题中所含的信息出自文章的某一段落。题目要求考生找到与每句所含信息相匹配的段落,有的段落可能对应两个题,而有的段落也可能不对应任何一题。

因为是新题型,可能很多考生在未做题之前就已经对此产生了恐惧心理,其实,这完全是不必要的。文都名师在分析完样题之后,总结道:新题型一点儿也不足为惧,因为它虽然篇幅长,涉及的内容较多,有些词汇可能较生僻,但解题却完全有规律可循。这类题在考查学生应用英语处理信息的能力外,也是在考查学生的耐力与细心程度。这些都是以后职场生涯中必不可缺的素质。可见,我国的教育越来越重视实际,越来越接地气了!下面,老师就以一道预测题为例,告诉大家一些应试策略,相信会对广大考生的临场发挥起到极大的作用。

阅读理解新题型演练:

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the question by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

How Writing Things Down Can Change Your Life

A) What do you write down? For most of us, writing consists of emails, task lists, and perhaps the odd work project. However, making time to write down certain things, such as our daily experiences, our goals, and our mental clutter can change the way we live our lives.

B) Here are six different ways that writing things down can change your life, and what you can do to get the most out of each.

C) It clears your mind for higher-level thinking.

D) You can clear your mind by writing things down in two different ways.

E) David Allen, productivity speaker and author of Getting Things Done, recommends doing what he calls a “core dump”. This involves writing down every task, activity, and project you need to address. This could range from picking up milk on the way home, to a multi-person project at work. Writing down every “to-do” item you can think of clears space in your head for more important topics.

F) You can also use a technique called “morning pages”, which was pioneered by Julia Cameron, author of The Artist’s Way. Morning pages involves completing three pages (around 750 words) of stream-of-consciousness writing. Through doing this first thing each morning, you clear your head in preparation for the day’s most important thinking.

G) It helps you process your emotions.

H) Writing down what’s on our mind is a great way to work through inner conflict or process your feelings around a particular situation. It’s similar to talking a situation through with a friend, except it’s a useful way of strengthening your self-soothing abilities and enhancing your self-knowledge.

I) It gives you a record of the past.

J) If you keep a journal and regularly write down your thoughts and feelings, you’ll soon have a record of your experiences that you might otherwise have forgotten.

K) Reading back through this record is not just fascinating—it also provides a valuable insight into your thought process and emotional life. You can savor moments that you could have potentially forgotten and increase your levels of gratitude.

L) Keeping a journal can also enhance your levels of self-trust. When you can look back and see how successfully you’ve traversed and dealt with important decisions and tricky situations in the past, you’ll feel more confident in your ability to do so in the future.

M) You gain a sense of achievement.

N) Writing things down can foster a sense of achievement and progress, expanding our possibilities and increasing our productivity.

O) If we journal, it’s incredibly satisfying to fill up one or more journals with our thoughts and feelings. Many people harbor dreams of writing a book, but balk at the reality of how long it takes. When you finish a journal, you’ll realize that you have written a book. This opens up a new sense of possibilities, not just in writing but in other areas of our lives, too.

P) Equally, if we write down everything we need to do in a particular day or week, we gain an additional sense of satisfaction when, having completed the task, we can cross the item off our list. Feeling productive enhances our productivity, creating a virtuous cycle.

Q) It helps you think big.

R) Writing things down gives you space to think big and aim high. No matter what’s going on in our outside world, when we write things down, we enter a world of possibility.

S) Doing this helps us stay motivated, and it reduces the chance that we fall prey to self-limiting beliefs. (Even if we do, we can keep writing things down to process our feelings!)

T) When we write things down, we have a chance to explore dreams and ambitions that we might not feel safe revealing to anyone else yet. We also have a space to keep track of all our ideas and desires so we can return to them later.

U) It makes you more committed.

V) As well as offering a space for exploring possibilities, writing our goals and ambitions down makes it more likely that we’ll achieve them.

W) As with any goals, they are most effective if they are SMART: specific, measurable, actionable, realistic, and timed. These are all variables we can work out and commit to through writing.

X) Writing down our goals is the first step towards making them a reality. It can also help us stay accountable. When you’ve outlined your SMART goal in writing, display it somewhere you can see for an extra shot of motivation.

Y) How do you use writing to change your life? Leave a comment and let us know.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

46. As for most people, writing includes emails, task lists, and perhaps the odd work plan.

47. A “core dump” involves writing down every task, activity, and project you need to address and could range from picking up milk on the way home, to a multi-person project at work.

48. The method, which was pioneered by Julia Cameron, author of The Artist’s Way involves completing three pages (around 750 words) of stream-of-consciousness writing.

49. Writing things down helps you process your emotions.

50. Keep a journal and regularly write down your thoughts and feelings can help remember the experiences that you might have forgotten.

51. Keep a journal can also strengthen your self-confidence of your ability to do so in the future.

52. Lots of people have dreams of writing a book, but shy away from the reality of how long it takes.

53. Whatever happens in our outside world, when we write things down, we enter a world of possibility.

54. Through writing people can work out all the variables, if they are specific, measurable, actionable, realistic, and timed.

55. Writing down our goals can also help us stay accountable.

参考答案:AEFGJLORWX

解题攻略:

首先提醒考生在看到这一长篇的文章之后,千万不要被它“纸老虎”的外形震慑住,要用心理暗示的方法让自己放松心态,耐心的读完全文。文章标题是全文的核心所在,一定不能忽略。题设即题眼,通读全文之前,最好先阅读一遍题设,注意其中的关键信息。在弄清文章标题与题设信息的前提下,快速浏览各段落,把握各段大意,尤其要留意题设中出现过的信息。这是对新题型的整体把握。

其次,解题过程中最关键的在于定位,为了干扰考生,出题者肯定会采用一定的策略来影响考生的判断,我们要做的就是见招拆招。正所谓“知己知彼百战不殆”,这里老师就要告诉广大考生出题者可能会用到的迷惑策略,其中最常见的包括替换(名词与指代该名词的代词之间的替换,表达同样含义或范围的词汇的替换),转换(句式的转换)、意义理解(虽然词汇、句式都发生了变化,但意义未变)。了解了这些之后,广大考生就能够大胆且有技巧的解题,在保证准确率的同时,为考试节省大量时间。一定要认真学习哦!最后,预祝大家考生顺利,完美攻关!

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