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印度:建成20万吨当量核武器

来源:天星 更新日期:2009-09-28 点击:

印度目前有能力建造破坏力与世界主要核大国相当的核武器,提升了其针对地区内潜在入侵者的战略防御能力。

India now has the capability to build nuclear weapons with the same destructive power as those in the arsenals of the world's major nuclear powers, bolstering its strategic defence against potential aggressors within the region.

新德里方面的高级原子能官员表示,印度已建成20万吨当量的核武器。他们称,国际社会将视之为一种“恰当的战略威慑”。高于5万吨当量的核武器被认为是高当量武器。印度核能力的提高,使其相对于同样拥有核武器的宿敌巴基斯坦,获得了很大的优势。

New Delhi's senior atomic officials said India has built weapons with yields of up to 200 kilotons, which they said would be considered a “proper strategic deterrent” by the global community. A nuclear weapon above 50 kilotons is considered high yield. India's enhanced capability gives it a considerable edge over Pakistan, its nuclear-armed arch-rival.

印度是在伊朗昨日进行军事演习、测试短程导弹之际宣布上述消息的。而就在几天之前,伊朗宣布它正在兴建第二个铀浓缩工厂。西方国家认为,这进一步证明伊朗违反了对联合国的承诺。

India's declaration comes as Iran launched war games yesterday, testing short-range missiles, just days after announcing it had been building a second uranium enrichment plant. Western governments seized upon this as further evidence that Tehran was in breach of United Nations obligations.

在此之前,印度国内围绕1998年进行的最后几次核试验是否成功进行了激烈的辩论。印度国防研究与发展组织(DRDO)资深科学家桑塔南(K Santhanam)最近提出了质疑,认为印度当时在拉贾斯坦邦博克兰地区进行的热核试验,其当量低于人们的预期。

India's move follows heated domestic debate about whether India's last nuclear tests in 1998 were successful. K Santhanam, a senior scientist at the Defence Research and Development Organisation, had recently disputed the thermonuclear test at the Pokhran range in Rajasthan, claiming the yield was lower than had been expected.

这场辩论引发了人们的猜测,认为印度可能准备进行又一次核试验。国际安全界一些人士严肃对待这一说法。

The debate has fuelled speculation that India may be getting ready for another nuclear test, a proposition that some in the international security community consider seriously.

新的核试验将导致印巴关系紧张,并危及印度和美国新近签署的民用核协议。

A test would also raise tensions with Pakistan and jeopardise a newly signed civilian nuclear deal between New Delhi and Washington.

印度于1974年开始开发核武器,并拒绝签署《核不扩散条约》(Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty)。据估计,印度至少生产了可供100枚核弹头使用的武器级钚。印度高层官员坚称,1998年的试验是成功的,并表示只需要进行计算机模拟试验,即可测试其核武器的当量。

India, which has refused to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, started developing its nuclear arsenal in 1974. New Delhi is estimated to have manufactured weapons-grade plutonium for at least 100 warheads. Senior Indian officials have insisted that the 1998 tests were successful and deny the need for anything more than computer simulations to gauge the yield of nuclear weapons.

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