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高考英语历年真题高频词组总结(1)

来源:新东方英语 更新日期:2012-11-26 点击:

真题中出现频率最高高考英语词组独家总结

1 be delayed through an accident由于事故而耽误

We decided to delay our holiday until next month.

我们决定将休假延至下个月。

四个均含“推迟”、“延期”、“延缓”的意思的动词。

delay 指“暂时阻挠或阻挡, 稍后可再继续进行”, 如:

The steamer was delayed by bad weather.

汽轮因天气不佳而延期。

defer指“决定延期至适当时期, 而且有意向将来一定继续作”, 如:

Payment has been deferred until next week.付款已延期到下星期。

postpone是正式用语, 语义较强, 指“有意识地延至将来某一特定时间”, 在多数情况下, 后面说明改在何时进行,如:

The meeting has been postponed to Friday.会议推迟到星期五举行。

put off与postpone大致同义, 但较通俗口语化, 如:

Let's put this off till some other time.

我们还是把这搁一搁, 以后再说吧。

2 be accompanied by 附有;伴随

an accompanying letter附函

He -nied his friend to the film.他陪他的朋友去看电影。

3 according to(后面不接view,opinion…); in my opinion

4 collect accounts收账; open an account 开账户; keep accounts 记账; account for说明; give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; on account of=because of 因为

5 accuse sb. of… 控告某人; charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; Blame sb. for sth. 责备某人

6 be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(to doing sth.)习惯于干某事

7 have some acquaintance with 熟悉;熟知

8 come (run) across (偶然)碰到 get sth. across 使人理解;领会

9 act as充当,担任 act out表演(对话、故事); act on(upon) 对。。。起作用

10 catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事; take action 采取行动

11 abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动)

12 have a (the )ability to do sth. ( have the ability in doing sth.)有能力做某事

13 to the best of one's ability 尽力

14 be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然。。。

15 above all 首先,最重要; in all 总计 after all 毕竟; 终究

16 at home and abroad 在国内外 go abroad 出国

17 in sb.'s absence不在时 in the absence of(人)不在时 be absent from 缺席

18 be absorbed in 全神贯注于

19 access to 接近;进入

20 by accident偶然 by chance by mistake 由于错误

21 be active in 在。。。积极 take an active part in 积极参加lead an active life过着积极的生活

22 adapt oneself to 使自己适应 adapt sth. to使某物适应 adapt from 根据。。。改写(改编)

23 add in 包括; 加进去 add to 增加;加强 add… to把。。。加到。。。上

add up to 合加起来

24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好。。。的;上了。。。瘾的

25 in addtion/ in addtion to 此外

26 deliver an address to 向。。发表演讲 giving a closing address 致闭幕词 an address of welcome 欢迎词

27 admit to sth.( doing sth.)承认

28 in advance=beforehand 提前

29 be of great (no ) advantage to对。。。大大有利(毫无裨益) gain(have) an advantage over优于;胜过; take advantage of sb.利用某人;欺骗某人

30 put an advertisement 登广告

31 ask for sb.'s advice 征求某人的建议 give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何干某事提出忠告

32 advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出忠告;advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事

33 be afraid of 害怕;担心 be afraid to do 不敢做某事

34 be after寻求;追求

35 be against one's proposal 反对(意见 go against nature违背自然stand against the wall 靠墙而立

36 at the age of 在。。。岁时; be under age 未成年

37 agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/饮食对气候等的适应

agree to +advice/suggestion/ idea/proposal… agree on (upon)。。。就。。达成一致意见

38 ahead of ( time) 在。。。前面 go ahead 继续;前进

39 aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 in aid of 支持 ;give sb. first aid对某人实施急救

40 aim at 瞄准

41 on the air(用无线电、电视)播送 in the air 在空中; by air 乘飞机; put on (give oneself) airs 摆架子

42 all along一直;始终 all over the country(world)遍及全国(世界) all alone 单独;独自地 all but 几乎;差一点

43 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事

44 let alone 更不用说 There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs.

45 get along (on) with 在。。。方面有进展 take along with 随身携带

46 not only…but also

47 make an analysis of 分析

48 in the ancient time 在古代

49 and so on/and so forth 等等

50 be angry about sth.对某事生气 be angry at sth.因某事生气

be be angry with sb.生某人的气

51 annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因。。。使某人生气;52 one after another 相继

53 answer for 对。。。负责 answer sb.'s call 回电话 make no answer 不作回答

54 be anxious about ( for)为。。。担心 be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事

55 apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉

56 in appearance 外貌上 make one's appearance登台 by/from all appearances 显然

57 apply…to… 将。。应用于 apply for申请 apply to适应于 apply oneself to 专心致志于 ; apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物

58 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; appoint a time for the meeting约定开会时间

59 approach to接近 make an approach to 对。。。进行探讨

60 approve of 赞同

61 argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事;argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事

62 arm in arm 肩并肩 hand in hand 手拉手 ; shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩 take sth. in one's arms抱 be armed to the teeth 全副武装

63 arrange for安排;准备 arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事

make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 做好准备;安排

64 as a whole 作为总体 on the whole 总体上

65 as…as one can 尽力;尽可能

66 as to/with regard to 至于;说到

67 be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧

68 ask for sth. 请求 ask sb. for sth.向某人索取某物 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

69 every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面

70 assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

71 associate..with… 把。。。和。。联系起来 ;in association with … 与。。。联手

72 be astonished( surprised) at (the news)对。。感到惊奇

73 at the latest 最迟

74 e attached to 附属于。。。;依恋; attach sth. to… 把。。贴上 把。。系在。。。上

75 attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.)企图做。。。;attempt at sth. 试图获得

76 attend on/to sb. 照看/护理某人; attend to 关心;照料

77 attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意

hold one's attention on将注意力集中于 devote one's attention to 专心于

turn one's attention to将注意力转向 pay attention to 注意

78 one's attitude towards… 某人的态度对。

79 on (the ) average按平均; above( below) average 平均以上(下)

80 be aware of 意识到,觉察

81 back and forth 来回地(屋内)

82 at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人;at the back of 在。。。后

lie on one's back 朝天躺着

83 go from bad to worse每况愈下

84 go bad(wrong/hungry)变腐

85 keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ;

be in the balance 悬而未决

86 ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事

be under a ban被禁止

87 base sth. on/upon sth. 以。。。为基础; be based on 基于

on…basis=on the basis of 以。。。为根据; 在。。。基础上

88 battle against向。。。开战; battle with 与。。。搏斗; battle for为。。。而战

89 because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句)

90 make the bed 整理床铺;in bed/on the bed 在床上

91 beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事; beg for sth.请求得到 beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事

92 begin with 从。。。开始

93 on behalf of 代表 ;on sb.'s behalf 以某人的名义

94 believe in信赖

95 belong to (无被动语态) 属于

96 beyond recognition认不出来 beyond belief 难以置信

beyond description无法用言语表达 beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解

97 by birth在血统上 at birth诞生;出生 give birth to 生(产)

98 bit by bit 一点点地 do one's bit 尽一点(份) quite a bit 相当多

比较: not a bit 一点也不 not a little 很,非常

99 be black and blue 遍体鳞伤

100 bear the blame 受过lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth.把责任推到某人身上

101 turn a blind eye to熟视无睹

102 blow away刮走 blow down吹倒; blow off 吹掉 blow out吹灭 blow up爆炸

103on board 在船(火车/飞机)上 go on board 上船(火车/飞机)

104 be in the same boat 同舟共济

105 keep body and soul together 维持生命(活)

106 book (check ) in 办理登记手续

107 borrow sth.from sb. 从。。。借到某物 ; lend sth. to sb. 把。。。借出

108 bother about 打扰 have bother( difficulty/trouble/danger) in doing sth. 干。。。有麻烦

109 from the bottom of one's heart 由衷地; from top to bottom 从上到下

110 break down 出毛病 break away from 脱离 break in 打断; break into 破门而入

break out爆发 break the law违法 break off突然停止 break through突围 have/take a break

111 hold one's breath 憋住气 lose one's breath上气不接下气

take (draw) breath 歇口气 take(draw) a deep breath 深呼吸 breathe in(out)呼吸(出)

112 in brief( short)=in short words 简言之

113 bring in 吸引;引进

bring down 降低; bring forward提出; bring up 抚育; bring about 产生;导致

114 build up one's health健体强身; build a good reputation 树林名誉

115 burn to the ground 把。。烧光; burn sth. down焚为平地; burn up 烧(旺)起来

116 burst out( crying)爆发; burst into ( tears) 突然爆发

117 be none of sb.'s business不关某人的事; on business 因公出差

118 be busy doing sth. be busy with sth. 忙于干某事

119 by and by不就以后; by and large 大体上

120 call for 请求;要求; call at (+地点名词 )访问; call in 召集; call out大声叫; call up 打电话;回忆起 make a call on sb.=make /give sb. a call =give sb. a ring 给。。。打电话

121 calm down(使)平息

122 go camping 去野营 ;summer camp 夏令营

123 can't help doing sth.禁不住做某事

124 call off=cancel取消

125 take care of=look after照料

126 care for 喜欢;想要

127 carry away 运走;使失去理智; carry off 带走; carry on继续;carry out 贯彻;落实

128 in any case 无论如何 in that case 假若那样; in case(of)万一; in no case 决不

129 be caught in (the rain,the shower, a trap)遇雨;陷入圈套; catch up with 赶上

130 cause and effect因果 immediate cause直接原因

131 be cautious of 谨防

132 hold a celebration 举行庆祝会; in celebration of庆祝

133 perform the opening( closing) ceremony 举行开幕(闭幕)式; graduation ceremony毕业典礼 134 for a certain reason为了某种原因; be certain of确信

for certain( sure) 肯定地; make certain of(that从句)保证

134 give a challenge to sb.向某人挑战; challenge sb. to do sth. 向某人挑战做。。。

accept one's challenge to do sth.接受某人的挑战做。。。

challenge one's interest/attention 引起某人的兴趣/注意

135 take a chance(risk)冒险;投机

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